Privacy Issues Surrounding Biometric Technology

The terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center have provoked in-depth discussion and study of existing security measures, their deficiencies, and how to enhance security to prevent similar terrorist attacks from occurring in the future. Biometric technology has risen to the top of the list as a possible solution. The government is not the only entity exploring biometric security systems. The financial services industry see biometrics as a way to curb identity theft. Biometrics are intrinsic physical characteristics used to identify individuals. The most commonly used biometric is fingerprints but others include, handprints, facial features, iris & retinal scans, and voice recognition.

Soon after 9/11 there were calls for the issuance of national ID cards containing biometric information on an RFID chip implanted on the card. The argument is that national ID cards will increase security by identifying individuals with their unique fingerprints which are much more difficult to counterfeit than standard photo ID cards. There is also a movement toward biometric passports. It looks like biometric passports are coming soon. National ID cards may follow.

Biometric identification is nothing new. Humans have been identifying other humans biometrically since the beginning of time. You recognize people you know by their facial features, their voice, and other biometric features. What’s new is introducing technology into the mix that compares a given biometric with a stored database of biometrics to verify the identity of an individual. An individual place their finger on a fingerprint scanner and the image is compared with the database to verify the person’s identity. Promising as it is, biometric technology has not been without hiccups but biometrics are advancing quickly and becoming more and more prevalent in security systems.

Fingerprints are the most commonly used biometric identifiers. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) conducted a study that showed single fingerprint biometric systems had a 98.6 percent accuracy rate. The accuracy rate rose to 99.6 percent when 2 fingerprints were used and an almost perfect 99.9 percent when 4 or more fingerprints were used. The study results show that biometric identification is nearly perfect which is not surprising given the uniqueness of human fingerprints.

The US-VISIT program, which is an acronym for United States Visitor & Immigrant Status Indicator Technology, currently requires foreign visitors to the US to present a biometric passport containing 2 fingerprints and a digital photo for identification purposes before being granted admission to the U.S. Of course the biometrics are compared against a vast network of government databases full of known and suspected terrorists and other criminals.

On the surface biometric technology may sound like a panacea but it’s use has raised significant privacy concerns that need to be addressed. Here are six major privacy concerns: storage, vulnerability, confidence, authenticity, linking, and ubiquity.

Critics wonder how the data will be stored and how vulnerable it will be to theft or abuse. Confidence issues center around the implications of false positives and false negatives. Can the biometric data be used to link to other information about the individual such as marital status, religion, employment status, etc.? And finally ubiquity. What are the implications of leaving electronic “bread crumbs” to mark a trail detailing every movement an individual makes?

Until these issues are addressed, privacy advocates will lead a charge to resist biometric technology claiming it as a way for the government to assume a “Big Brother” type of rule as described in George Orwell’s novel 1984. But protest as they may, it’s likely national security concerns and the ability of biometric systems to enhance the security of US border and possibly prevent another major terrorist attack will win out over privacy concerns.

Online Driver’s Education

What Is the Purpose of Online Driver's Education?

Online driver's education imparts learning skills and fundamental concepts relating to driving test so as to prepare distance learners for a driver's license exam, irrespective of age-group. The driver's education imparted from the online mechanism is certainly a boon to all those who, without moving to the desired location can reap the benefits for learning the basics and concepts related to driving in order to obtain a valid driving license.

How is Online Driver's Education Beneficial to a Person?

Online driver's education programs are beneficial to online student in numerous ways. Some of them are:

1. Online driver's education programs are far more affordable and it typically takes a person to shell around $ 40 to get enrolled in an online driver's education program, which is definitely a bargain!

2. The learning methodology and virtual classroom environment is easy to understand and all assistance is provided to let students get familiarized with the concepts of online education and online learning tools.

3. The students can access their course contents from any of the preferred locations all over the world and can complete the online education program for driving skills without disturbing their other personal and / or professional commitments.

4. The students can fix their own time schedules and learning hours, which makes online driver's education convenient and flexible.

5. The virtual classroom lends an impersonal impression and a student is an independent learner in the long run, since it has little interface to offer between a student and trainers. It also offers less inter-linking and inter-personal interaction and interface between virtual class-fellows, which rewards off any chances of distractions.

6. A student can attend virtual classroom sessions, discussions groups, newsgroups, forums and numerous other interactive activities at his / her own discretion and it's up to a student to complete the pending online workbook assignment and get it checked and assessed by teacher via online learning management systems.

7. All that is needed in this online program is an internet connection and a flair for understanding and learning new and innovative concepts with the help of online learning tools and materials like audio / video / web conferencing, webinars, whiteboards, chats, forums, discussion groups, e-mails etc.

What Is the Selection Criteria for Online Driver's Education Program?

The online driver's education program is a student-centric and effective learning based program, which helps a student understand the fundamental concepts of driving so as to appear for the driving test and obtain a legal driving license. Distance learners must verify the accreditation of the online education program as well as the online driving school that they have applied at their own online driver's education. Since online training and distance learning education may have some important formalities on part of students before getting started, a student must verify all information and formalities relating to a selected course.

What is "Green Driver's Ed"?

Green Driver's Ed is an acronym for Green Driver's Education with a special emphasis on environment. This is a new notification being introduced within the driving school community which includes environmental consciousness as a fundamental part of conventional driver's education curriculum. It adds sense to a person in terms of community welfare and environmental awareness when compared with a traditional learning course for driving.

Hotels in Puri With Swimming Pool

Located on the eastern shores of India is the holy city of Puri – one of the sacred Char Dhams. Puri also has a beautiful beach and many good hotels that offer all the necessary amenities such as swimming pools. Read on to know more about this beach city and also check out some good Puri hotels with nice pools.

The town of Puri is located on the shores of Odisha overlooking the Bay of Bengal. It is located around 60kms south of the capital city Bhubaneswar and is well connected by roads and railways. The nearest airport is the Biju Pattnaik Airport that is in Bhubaneswar around 65kms away. Puri is a bustling pilgrimage town and is famous for its 11th century shrine dedicated to Lord Jagannath- a form of Lord Vishnu. The temple complex covers an area 10 acres and houses three main temple structures associated with the Lord and his siblings. The complex also houses numerous other small temples dedicated to various deities and each temple is said to have a myth behind it. The temple visit should take a day and you should also try out the delicious Prasad that is a full blown meal by itself. After visiting the temple, head straight towards the sea beach. One of the most beautiful beaches on the eastern coasts, the Puri beach is an ideal place to relax or frolic in the waters. The waves are not very high and the beach is considered to be safest for swimming. The beaches are also ideal for taking a long relaxing walk among the soft sands in peace. It is advisable to take a bath with fresh water after a dip in the sea as the salty water could play havoc with your skin and hair. There is a paid bathing service near the beach but if your hotel has its own swimming pool then it could prove to be a blessing. Many luxury hotels in Puri with swimming pool also have their own private beach and you can take a dip in the sea and relax in the swimming pool afterwards. These hotels also offer pool facilities such as bar / eateries, Jacuzzi, steam baths, etc. making the pool side an absolutely relaxing experience. Check out below some of the good hotels in Puri with swimming pool and other added features.

Hotels in Puri with swimming pool

Hotel Holiday Resort is one of the finest 4 star Puri hotels that is located close to the sea beach on the Chakratirtha Road. It enjoys a customer recommendation of approximately 86% which means 9 out of 10 people would select this particular hotel. Previous guests have praised its location, facilities and its standard of services. The hotel offers a nice swimming pool along with sauna, Jacuzzi and steam bath. The rooms cost Rs.2000.

The Chariot Hotel is a 3 star hotel in Puri that is located near the sea beach. It enjoys wide recommendation among travelers and is known for its numerous facilities and its tranquil surroundings. The hotel has its own private beach and offers a swimming pool and an aqua park along with spa, Children Park, a multi-cuisine restaurant and an open air cafe. The room rates start from Rs.4000.

Web Template Or Web Designer – What is the Best Way to Create Your Website?

Whilst choosing a perfect website template to project the right image for your business could be a lot quicker and cheaper than hiring the services and skills of a web designer, it may not be the best way to create your online presence. So if you want a professional online presence generated quickly and cheaply, downloading a website template could be the right option for you.

Whilst this may be true not all templates are equal – some are designed and structured really well and look professional while others are downright nasty. But surely with all the website templates available online there must be some that are perfect for my requirements I hear you say.

That is probably true but, as mentioned above, not all web templates are the same in terms of quality or as easy to work with. In fact while some are free, some guide you step by step through the process of editing and uploading the template files and others require a certain amount of web design competency to edit and manage them.

So what is the best solution for creating your online presence? Well the list below illustrates some of the pros and cons of hiring the services and skills of a professional web designer or to use a web template.

Website Template or Web Designer?

  • Cost You will be able to find and download a great, well designed website at a reasonably small cost while the services of a professional web designer will come at a significant cost.
  • Timing Once you have located a suitable template online, you will be able to download it immediately, edit it and insert the content you want and upload it – you could have your online presence created the same day. However having a designer design your site could be a fairly long process with progress meetings and follow up meetings.
  • Customizing While most templates can be edited and customized to reflect your corporate image and so on, some of them could require a certain amount of html and web design competency. Having a web designer build your site would mean that all customizing of your site would be taken care of.

So there you have it. With all the information above you should be able to decide wherever your online presence will require the coding and graphics expertise of a web designer or will it be just as good and effective with a well designed template.